Azure API Management

2 weeks ago -  
AzureAPI Management

I have been playing around with Azure API Management lately and really like it. It’s a great way to manage your APIs, essentially serving as an API Gateway to handle incoming API calls and route them to various backend services. The backend service could be any HTTP API, WebSocket, GraphQL, Azure Function, Azure App Services, etc.

Azure API Management

I thought it might be a good idea to show you how to create a super simple API using it. A while ago, I did a side project to scrape some data from a grocery store here in the UK called Tesco. I needed the data for some other tasks; I have blogged about them here and here. To demonstrate how to use Azure API Management, I will use the same data. So, let’s get started.

First, we need to create a new API Management instance on the Azure portal. Creating it takes time tho. Once it’s done, it comes with a default API called Echo API, which is a simple API with some resources:

Azure API Management

I created an API called Tesco with these resources: Azure API Management

As you can see I have created four resources: Bakery, Fresh, Frozen, and List. Each should correspond to their respective categories in the API:

DD-MM-yyyyshould be replaced with the current date.
ResourceGitHub URL

This means that we need a policy to set the placeholders. We can do this by following these steps:

Azure API Management

Then for the policy, we can use the following:

        <set-variable name="originalUrl" value="@(context.Request.Url.ToString())" />
        <set-variable name="today" value="@{
            var today = DateTime.UtcNow.ToString("dd-MM-yyyy");
            return $"/{today}-{context.Operation.Name.ToLower()}.json";
        }" />
        <rewrite-uri template="@((string)context.Variables["today"])" />
        <base />
        <base />
        <base />

This policy sets the today variable to the current date and the originalUrl to the original URL. Then it rewrites the URI to include the current date and the operation name. The operation name is the name of the resource, which is Bakery, Fresh, Frozen, or List.

Now we can test the endpoints using the Test tab, or we can simply open the URL in the browser. However, to use the API, we need a subscription, which is essentially a key that we need to send as a query parameter. You can find the subscription key in the Subscription tab.

curl https://[API_NAME][subscription-key]