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Sirwan Afifi

Stories from a web developer.

© 2019. Sirwan Afifi All rights reserved.

What's Elasticsearch


Elasticsearch is a search engine based on the Lucene library. It provides a distributed, multitenant-capable full-text search engine with an HTTP web interface and schema-free JSON documents. Elasticsearch is developed in Java and is released as open source under the terms of the Apache License. Official clients are available in Java, .NET (C#), PHP, Python, Apache Groovy, Ruby and many other languages.5 According to the DB-Engines ranking, Elasticsearch is the most popular enterprise search engine followed by Apache Solr, also based on Lucene.

Executing SELECT * FROM …. all the time consumes a lot of CPU also it doesn’t have index, One solution would be using FTS (Full Text Search) in RDBMS but in NoSQL world If you need a high performance search engine you’d better use Elasticsearch.

Elastic Stack


Use cases



Bulk loading data into Elasticsearch

_bulk: The endpoint for bulk api, this is where we send request to when we want to bulk load data. it expects new-line delimited JSON data (including a new-line at the very end, which is important, otherwise we’ll get errors). It allows us to Index, Create, Delete, Update. When using this we need to make sure we are using --data-binary flag from the curl command.

How to bulk load data

{ "index" : { "_index" : "indexName", "_type" : "typeName", "_id": "1" }}
{"title":"Web Developer II","author":"Chrysler Clerk","content":"Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Proin risus. Praesent lectus.","publishedDate":"2018-02-03T17:51:14Z"}
curl -s -H "Content-Type: application/x-ndjson" -XPOST localhost:9200/_bulk --data-binary "@reqs"; echo